S76: Non-Commissioned Officers' Study

To find out what practices are important to good non-com leadership - the results to be used in setting up training courses in leadership.



Sep '43

Original Size




Sample Description

378 enlisted men, 133 non-commissioned officers and 31 commanding officers from the scene platoons and companies of 2 Engineer regiments at one camp in continental United States. The response on this study was very poor. Over 1,400 enlisted men were scheduled for participation, but only about 600 appeared to fill out the questionnaire.

Scales and Scores

a. Authoritarianism in the classroom (ml-pp. 1; f, 1&h – pp. 2) punched in Col. No record of having been punched on card.

b. Job satisfaction (Qs 13, 16, 12, 19) punched in Col. No record of being punched.

c. Personal adjustment (Qs 21, 22, 20, 12, 23) punched in Col. No record of having been punched on card.

Location Details

Camp Claiborne, LA

Field Personnel

Leland C. DeVinney

William Woodworth

Leonard S. Cottrell, Jr.

Ward H. Goodenough

Edward Suchman

Study Analysts

Edward Suchman

Nara Catalog

Put words or phrases inside quotes to search for an exact match.
Regiment and company of enlisted men in operating units (Col. 9, code 1):
Regiment of officers (Col. 9, code 5):
How old were you on your last birthday?
How much do you like your job as a noncom?
Do you ever feel that the responsibilities of being a noncom are not worth the added prestige and pay?
When you first became a noncom, from what source did you learn most about how to do your job?
Other (how?)
just continued doing as I had been, I didnt learn anything different
From a Psychological study of the men.
Kept My Eyes And Ears Open
Thru state guard training
From IDR [Infantry Drill Regulation] and what I learn from others.
1 / 20
Directional arrowDirectional arrow
When you first received your rating as a noncom, did you feel that you had as much explanation on how to do the job as you needed?
If "no," what are some of the things you think should have been more fully explained?
I was expected to know my Job & I did - At least well enough at the time to get by.
I think non coms should have more time for instruction. But there never was sufficient time for that. Also time that wasn't his own to read more of manuals.
How to Hold Classes And To Instruct Men
Should have more explanation & special non-com schools on Eng. [engineering] tng [training] like building bridges ect. if your in that branch of service.
I believe that the Platoon Leaders should definitely assign a non-com to certain responsibilities and instruct him as to how he should carry them out so that he can get the best from his men.
Theres quite a few things that weren't clear such as duties etc., Also my authority.
More action experience
1 / 20
Directional arrowDirectional arrow
Do you feel that you have received or are receiving enough training for the kinds of jobs you have to do?
If you feel that you need training, what specific training would you like?
I know civilian Construction but the Army Const. method is what I would like to learn more about.
17. One point I would like to bring out. I don't think an officer who recieved his commission through professional ability should be a company commander of an Army or any Service Unit. I think the Company Co. should be strictly military. The view points are different where Privilleges & Discipline are concerned.
Training on various weapons, that is know more about them. In general what training a private gets the non com should get but this should be more in detail
In general, for instruction, I think teachers or men who know more of what they instruct, instructing men can do more for our soldiers than an officer or non coms who think that by threatening duty or such can make one learn more than by clear intelligent intstuction in classrooms not out in the field as the army taught us.
I feel that I would do better with more combat training.
As for my own personal opinion on this whole set up - is this.

I firmly believe that every man that is inducted into the Army should be placed in a job suited best to him, and not by putting him in the first vacant job like they did to me. Reason Because I also believe that if this method is kept up very much longer, the present condition of the army will get to such a point that it will cause a major set back in the still greater battle yet to come - The Battle of extensive training of large groups of men to a job entirely different then the one they have been used to doing expertly. So why waste valuable time and lives by trying to make an expert out of a man in a certain line - when he knows that his own job is probably being taking over by another man who is just as inexperienced in that line.
Constructive Training
The State of Louisana is no good for Military Training. After a few months of this training a man is burned out. It may impead his future. Ive been here 14 Months and most of the time I feel tired run down. I do my best and so do the rest of the men, but they feel the same as I

It's too Hot and Damp. Im 21 years old and feel 30
Yes, there are plenty of things say: First of all a lot of time is wasted when an outfit is ready to go. Bringing fellows out here in the woods & keeping them here a month or longer starts to lower their moral a great deal.

A outfit that was on a job & proved that they could do well & complimented by high officials about it, I see why they have to go through test on stuff that they would do which they already have proven by doing it. Recreational programs could be a lot of better in all branches of service.
In regards to questions 27 + 28.

I firmly believe the leaders of Germany and Japan should be punished plenty, but not as the people as a whole.
These are very good questions and cover the subject.

I think they should let you put your name etc on them. As I think I not fitted for my job and could be of more service elsewhere in another branch.
More actual experience
I think we should have more actual construction work. Have definite lengths of time for furloughs while on this side & when across if possible. I mean lenght of service
I disagree with army way of selecting draftees and volunteers for the branch of service in which they die to serve. I know that I am proud to be in my parent outfit but with the training in civilian life which I had - I would have been of more good to the army in the communication corps. I believe a man is at his best when he is at his own job.
1 / 20
Directional arrowDirectional arrow
Are you:
How far did you go in school? (Check only one answer - the highest grade of school you completed.)
Where were you living most of the last five years of your civilian life before you came into the Army?
What is your present grade?
What is your Army rank or grade?
How did you come into the Army?
What is your main company job?
How long have you been in the Army? I. Note: if you have been in the Army before, then were out for a while, just check the length of time since you entered this last time. If you were in the National Guard, check the length of time since your outfit came into the Army.