S144: Post-War Plans of Negro Soldiers
To determine what Negro troops within the continental limits of the United States were thinking with respect to their post-war plans.
a. The areas covered included:
- Army career
- racial tensions.
b. The study was so designed as to be able to compare the post-war plans of Negro troops with these of white troops (S-106E).
c. This study was carefully pretested at Indiantown Gap to determine at what educational level it would be necessary to do interviewing, and how meaningful the questions were to Negro troops of different backgrounds.
The total sample contains 4,679 Negro enlisted men from 2 AAF and 9 ASF & AGF installations.
a. The total sample is representative of all Negroes in the army in each of the three forces. There is an overrepresentation of Northern and better educated Negro. However, there is a cross section subsample which has been adequately weighted by origin and education to make it comparable to the white cross section sample in S-106E. This sample containing 3001 cases and can be identified by a “Reject” (or no punch) in Col. 80
b. The study was administered in the field by Negro officers and enlisted personnel. Men AGCT scores in class IV or V with 5 years of grade school or less were interviewed.
Scales and Scores
a. Farm group gang punched in lower half of Col. 26
b. Desire for post war schooling (Qs 31, 41, 42, 43) punched in Col. 73
c. Return to old job (Qs 24, 31, 32, 33) punched in Col. 74
d. Own businesses gang punched in Col. 75
e. Attitude toward staying in army (Qs 44, 45, 46, 51) punched in Col. 76
f. Job satisfaction (Qs 15, 16, 17, 20) punched in Col. 77
g. Cross section identification is “Reject” or no
Indiantown Gap Military Reservation, PA
Camp Ellis, IL
Ft. Knox, KY
Camp Breckinridge, KY
Camp Gordon, GA
Camp George Jordan, WA
Mitchel Field, NY
San Francisco POE (John T. Knight, Oakland), CA
Ft. Devens, MA
Ft. Dix, NJ
Camp Hood, TX
Ft. Lewis, WA
Camp Plauche, LA
Tuskegee AAF, AL
Lyonel C. Florant
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