S32: Attitudes of and toward Negroes

To compare the attitudes of Negro enlisted men with those of white enlisted men.

Questionnaire

Date

Mar '43

Original Size

12,234

Location

US

Alternate Title

Attitudes of and toward Blacks

Sample Description

Three samples were obtained:

a. A total sample of 7,434 Negro enlisted men from 1 outfits in 5 AAF and 13 AGF and ASF installations distributed throughout the United States.

b. From this a subsample of 3,000 Negro enlisted men was derived which was a representative cross section of all Negro enlisted men in the Army.

c. A total sample of 4,800 white enlisted men from 71 outfits in 4 AAF and 6 AGF and ASF installations distributed throughout the United States. This was a representative cross section of white enlisted men in the Army.

Scales and Scores

a. Personal adjustment (Qs 20, 23-24, 26-28) in Col. 47

b. Gripe items (Qs 4, 15, 22, 25, 49) in Col. 59

c. Optimism = … (Qs 40, 44, 51, 53-54, 56) in Col. 39

d. Equality of Treatment = Negro cards only

  1. Intra Army (Qs 62, 67, 79) in Col. 38
  2. Extra Army (Qs 58, 61, 69) in Col. 58

e. Officer Preference Types (Qs 63, 64, 65, 66) in Col. 48

f. Types of Segregation (Free answer parts of Qs 74, 76, 77) in Col. 57

g. Combat Types (Qs 30, 31, 32) in Col. 80

h. Camp and North South Origin of men in Col. 76

i. Cross section sample of total Negro sample punched “X” in Col. 7

Location Details

AAF BTC 7--Atlantic City, NJ

Books Field--San Antonio, TX

Camp Atterbury, IN

Camp Breckinridge, KY

Camp Claiborne, LA

Camp Custer, MI

Camp Devens, MA

Camp Hood, TX

Camp Pickett, VA

Camp Rucker, AL

Camp Shelby, MS

Duncan Field, TX

Eglin Field, FL

Ft. Belvoir, VA

Ft. Huachuca, AZ

Ft. Knox, KY

Ft. Lewis, WA

Ft. McClellan, AL

Ft. Sill, OK

Kelly Field, TX

Randolph Field, TX

Tuskegee Army Flying School, AL

Field Personnel

Raymond F. McClellan

A. Lee Coleman

Ward H. Goodenough

Robin Williams, Jr.

Jack Brown

Frederick Mosteller

William McPeak

Edward Suchman

John Clausen

Alex T. Edelman

Frederick W. Swift

William W. Reeder

Leland C. DeVinney

Eugene J. Zander

William Woodworth

E. Wyllys Andrews

Paul D. Guernsey

Lyonel C. Florant

Donald Griffin

Arnold M. Rose

Richard L. Hull

William Bryant

F. Douglas Williams

Study Analysts

Lyonel C. Florant
Arnold M. Rose
Shirley Star
Edward Suchman
Robin Williams, Jr.

Reports

B-35 Attitudes of Soldiers by Marital Condition

B-56 Marital Status of Enlisted Men on Continental United States

C-1 Attitudes of Enlisted Men in the 81st Division, Camp Rucker Alabama

C-2 Attitudes of Enlisted Men in the Field Artillery Replacement Training Center, Ft. Still, Okla.

Nara Catalog

Filter
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1.1
How old were you on your last birthday?
1.2
Cross-section identification
2.1
How far did you go in school?
2.2
Cross-section identification
3
How did you come into the Army?
4
What branch of the service are you in? (if your branch is not listed write it out)
5.1
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
5.2
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
5.3
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
5.4
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
5.5
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
5.6
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
5.7
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
5.8
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
5.9
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
5.10
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
5.11
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
5.12
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
5.13
If you could have a free chance to choose your branch of service now, which one would you rather be in?
6
What kind of a chance is the Army giving you to show what you can do?