S211: Returnees Reaction to the Enemy and Further Duty

To collect data on the attitudes of returning veterans toward the enemy and further duty.

a. The most important area included in both forms of the questionnaire (A and B) are:

  1. Attitude toward further service
  2. Neuropsychiatric questions
  3. Attitude toward the army
  4. Knowledge of enemy atrocities
  5. Treatment of Americans captured by the Germans (among men who were prisoners of war)

b. Important areas covered in the A form only:

  1. Branch preference
  2. Post war aims and attitudes toward Allies
  3. Attitude toward the Germans and their postwar treatment
  4. Postwar worries
  5. Quiz on the GI Bill of Rights
  6. Postwar conditions in the United States

c. Important areas covered in the B form only

  1. Men’s knowledge of and attitudes toward the Score Point System
  2. Men’s attitudes toward the Army’s utilization and treatment of famous entertainers and athletes
  3. Men’s attitudes toward war in the Pacific

Questionnaire

Date

Jun '45

Original Size

4

Location

US

Sample Description

A total of 4,127 enlisted men were surveyed. 2,052 received the A form of the questionnaire and 2,075 received the B form. 3 AAF redistribution centers and 7 AGF and ASF redistribution centers on both the East and West Coasts were included in the study.

Sample Method

This study was administered by personnel at the Redistribution Centers following instructions sent out by the Research Branch, I & E Division.

Scales and Scores

a. B Form only

  1. Attitude toward Entertainers (Qs 48a, 49a, 52a, 53a, 54a, 55a) punched in Col. 76

  2. Attitude toward Athletes (Qs 59a, 60a, 63a, 64a, 65a, 66a) punched in Col. 77

  3. Notes:

    a) Only 1,500 of the cards have the scales punched in them, so that 575 cards will reject when sorted on Cols. 76-77

    b) Some of the cards, the so called “Indifferent Men” also have an X punch in Cols. 76-77

b. Both Forms A and B Neuropsychiatric score punched in Cols. 79-80

Location Details

Camp Butner, NC

Asheville, NC

Miami Beach, FL

Hot Springs, AK

Ft. Sam Houston, TX

Santa Barbara, CA

Santa Monica, CA

Santa Ana, CA

Lake Placid, NY

Atlantic City, NJ

Study Analysts

John Clausen
Jack Elinson
Rosabelle Price
Shirley Star
Edward Suchman
Ashley Weeks

Reports

C-125 Attitudes of Soldiers toward Special Service Assignments of Famous Athletes and Entertainers

Nara Catalog

Filter
Put words or phrases inside quotes to search for an exact match.
1
What is your Army rank or grade?
2
How old were you on your last birthday?
3
How far did you go in school?
4
How long have you been in the Army? E. If you have served previously in the Army, give the length of time since you entered this last time. If you were a national guardsmen give the length of time since your outfit entered the Army. ANP (actual number months)
5
How did you come into the Army?
6
Were you sent back to the states under the Rotation Plan or for some other reason?
7
How long have you been overseas or outside the 48 United States with the Army in this war? ANP (actual number months)
8
Have you been in combat or under enemy fire in this war?
9
Are you entitled to wear any Campaign Stars? If yes, how many?
10
Which of the following decorations or awards do you have? (Distinguished Service Cross, Legion of Merit, Silver Star, Distinguished-Flying Cross, Soldier's Medal, Bronze Star Medal (not Campaign Star), Air Medal, Purple Heart) Z. Count each star, award and Oak Leaf Cluster separately and code the total.
11
What was the branch of service that you were last in while you were overseas? E. If in Air Force overseas, codes 01-03; if in Ground forces or service forces overseas, codes 11-18, 21-24, 31, 41.
12
In what overseas theater or area did you last serve?
13
Was this the overseas theater or area you served in longest?
14
Are you:
15
Have you any children under 18 years of age? If yes, how many?
16
Do you know what your own score is under the Army Score Card Plan for deciding which men are eligible to be declared surplus? ANP (actual number points)
17
If you had a choice, which one of these branches of the Army would you like to be in?
18
Which one of these branches would you try hardest to stay out of?
19A
How do you feel about serving overseas again?
19C
Regardless of what you want to do, do you think you actually will be sent to some overseas theater again?