S127: General Cross Section Survey
a. Morale: The Theater Command requested that an extensive study be made of the current status of morale of troops in the Theater.
- All of CBI-1 (S-131) was devoted to questions related to this subject.
- Special emphasis was placed on an evaluation of leadership in relation to morale, and a number of other areas such as job satisfaction, and attitudes toward food and mess facilities were covered.
Items were included for several of the standard general adjustment scales developed by Research Branch Headquarters in Washington, and paralleled similar studies being made in other overseas theaters and in the United States. 3. In addition, a number of these morale questions were asked in four other surveys, IB-7 (S-170), IB-13 (S-210), IB-14 (S-205), and 13-17 (S-220) conducted in November 1944, March 1945, May 1945, and July 1945 respectively. Data from these five surveys were compared for the purpose of measuring shifting needs in theater policies pertaining to troop morale.
b. Demobilization and Compulsory Military Training: Research Branch Headquarters in Washington requested that standard questions on these areas be included in order to supply data to the Special Planning Division, WDSS, on soldiers' opinions of which men should be released from the Army first and on soldiers' reactions to postwar compulsory military training. The same questions were asked simultaneously in other overseas theaters and in the United States (Questions' asked may be found in CBI-2; S-127)
c. Education: At the time of this study plans were being made to establish a branch of U.S. Armed Forces Institute in the C-B-I Theater. To enable the Theater Education Officer to anticipate the demand for this service, a series of questions was included to determine what courses from USAFI the men felt would help them in their Army jobs, other types of courses desired by them, and the methods of teaching courses (mail or group instruction) which they preferred. (Questions may be found in CBI-2; S-127.)
d. Orientation: To measure the use of orientation materials and procedures among troops, questions were asked on Newsmap, Daily War News Summary, films and orientation talks. To measure attitudes toward the various subjects with which orientation is concerned, questions were asked on knowledge of our allies and enemies, "Why We Fight," and on the news and its significance. Data were obtained for the information of the Theater Orientation Officer. (Questions may be found in CBI-2; SO-127.)
At the time of the survey the Theater orientation program was just getting underway. Preliminary analysis of the data indicated its under-development so clearly that preparation of a report did not seem worthwhile.
Attitudes in China-India-Burma
Every major geographic area was represented, and each arm and branch of service was sampled on a proportional basis to total strength within the geographic area.
Types of samples derived:
a. Cross-sections of white enlisted men
a) 1037 were administered CBI-1 (S-131)
b) 1035 were administered CBI-2 (S-127)
Special Notes: Both of these samples are exactly comparable, and separately or combined, are representative cross
See Planning Survey II for standard operating procedure.
Scales and Scores
a. CBI-3 (S-131): Esteem for Noncoms Scale
- Q. 67, 69, 70
- Scores are on Col. 60
b. Esteem for Officers Scale
- Q. 71, 72, 83, 84, 87
- Scores are on Col. 65
c. CBI-2 (S-127): Demobilization Choices
- Q. 33a, b, c, d, e, f
- Scores are on Col. 32, 33, 34, 35
d. Postwar Foreign Policy Response Types
- Q. 30a, b, c, d, e
- Scores are on Col. 71
CBI-1A A Morale Study in the C-B-I Theater (a consolidation of Reports No’s. 1, 2, 3, 7 & B2 listed below by Research Branch Report No.)
CBI-1 Foreword: A Morale Study in the C-B-I Theater
CBI-2 Section I, Leadership: A Morale Study in the C-B-I Theater
CBI-3 Section II, Specific Morale Factors: A Morale Study in the C-B-I Theater
CBI-4 What Do American Soldiers in the C-B-I Theater Comment About
CBI-5 What Do American Soldiers in the C-B-I Theater Comment About Education
CBI-B2 A Summary of Main Findings and Corrective Action to Be Taken
CBI-11 What Enlisted Men in India and Burma Think About Food and Mess Facilities (data from CBI-1 and 7)
CBI-15 What Enlisted Men in India and Burma Think About Their Officers (data from CBI-1 and 7)
CBI-17 Job Satisfaction Among Enlisted Men in India and Burma (data from CBI-1 and 7)
CBI-18 The Status of Certain Morale Factors Among Soldiers in India and Burma (data from CBI-1 and 7)
CBI-30 The Current Status of Certain General Morale Factors Among Enlisted Men in India and Burma (data from CBI-1, 7 and 13)
CBI-34 The Current Status of Certain Specific Morale Factors Among Enlisted Men in India and Burma (data from CBI-1, 7 and 13)
B-4 Current Status of Certain General and Specific Morale Factors in I-B Theater (data from CBI-1, 7, 13 and 14)
CBI-37 Attitudes of Officers and Enlisted Men in the India-Burma Theater (data from CBI-1, 7, 13, 14, 16 and 17)
WST #7 Attitudes Toward News in CBI
WST #7 What Yanks in CBI Think of the Chinese
Data from CBI-1 (S-131) were also used for comparison with data from CBI-7 (S-170), IB-13 (S-210), IB-14 (S-205) and IB-17 (S-220) in: